Richard Axler

Center for Water
and the Environment
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Richard Axler, Ph.D., Senior Research Associate

Richard Axler

Position and Focus

Research interests are lake and water quality management and restoration, aquatic ecosystem responses to pollutants, nutrient cycling and food web dynamics, web-based environmental education and constructed treatment wetlands.


Ph.D., Ecology/Limnology, University of California, Davis, 1979
B.A., Physics, Temple University, Philadelphia, PA, 1970

Current Publications

  • 7: Bartsch, Will M Axler, Richard P & Host, George E. 2015. Evaluating a Great Lakes scale landscape stressor index to assess water quality in the St. Louis River Area of Concern. Journal of Great Lakes Research In press.
  • 7: Olker, J H, Johnson, L B Axler, R P & Johnson, C M. 2013. Factors influencing ultraviolet radiation dose to developing frogs in northern vernal pools. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 70:1531--1541.
  • 7: Eckman, K, Were, V, Brady, V J, Schomberg, J Axler, R & Kleist, C. 2013. Using social science data to evaluate residential stormwater treatments in Duluth Minnesota. Water Resources Impact 15:13--16.
  • 7: Glass, J B, Axler, R P Chandra, S & Goldman, C R. 2012. Molybdenum limitation of microbial nitrogen assimilation in aquatic ecosystems and pure cultures. Frontiers in Aquatic Microbiology 3:1--10.
  • 7: Ruzycki, E M, Axler, R P, Henneck, J Will, N R & Host, G E. 2011. Estimating mercury concentrations and loads from four western Lake Superior watersheds using continuous in-stream turbidity monitoring. Aquatic Ecosystem Health and Management 14:422--432.
  • Click here to view complete publication list.

    Project list for Richard Axler :

    (A link will go to the project's current report, an arrow will take you to a project's home page)

    North Shore Superior Lake and Stream Water Assessment
    To collect field and water chemistry data from eight Northern Lakes and Forest (NLF) Ecoregion lakes and three NLF streams between May 2013 and September 2014 for the purpose of determining surface water quality.

    Duluth Trout Streams Urban Watershed Restoration and Protection
    3015-10423-00046380, $75096.30

    Long-Term Aquatic Conditions to Inform Delisting Efforts on the St. Louis River

    Event-based Stream Sampling in Northeastern Minnesota
    Determine pollutant concentrations and annual loads of nutrients and suspended sediments by intensively sampling streams during different hydrologic regimes (base flow, storm events, spring runoff).

    An open standards data and metadata pipeline for the Natural Resources Research Institute Great Lakes Data

    St. Louis County Rainy River Headwater Lakes, 2014-2015
    The Minnesota Pollution Control Agency (MPCA) Surface Water Assessment Program is funding this effort to collect field and water chemistry data for 3 lakes within the Rainy River Watershed west of Ely, MN. The results of water quality analyses will be a critical addition to efforts to identify short- and long-term trends of response to impacts such as urbanization, agriculture and forestry practices, invasive species introductions, atmospheric deposition, and climate change.

    Open project in a new windowLake Superior Beach Monitoring and Advisory Program
    Assist the Environmental Protection Agency funded, Minnesota Pollution Control Agency directed Lake Superior Beach Monitoring and Advisory program.

    St. Louis River Area of Concern Paleolimnology
    One of the action items in the St. Louis River Remedial Action Plan (RAP) Update 2013 is to assess the eutrophication criterion in order to make local recommendations for removing this beneficial use impairment (BUI) to the Area of Concern.

    Great Lakes Environmental Indicators (GLEI) II - Indicator Testing and Refinement
    The GLEI-II project will focus on wetland near-shore conditions of the Great Lakes, and consists of five tasks: 1) Refine coastal ecosystem indicators from previous monitoring programs through calibration against updated landscape/land use information within the entire Great Lakes basin; 2) Test the temporal and geographic integrity of existing Great Lakes indicators; 3) Test and compare analytical techniques to cross-calibrate indicators from concurrent monitoring programs; 4) Evaluate cost-effectiveness of indicators; 5) Implement a data collection, analysis, and reporting system, as well as a map of baseline conditions for the Great Lakes basin based on historical and current monitoring information.

    Great Lakes Coastal Wetland Monitoring
    To assess the biotic condition of all the major coastal wetlands of the Great Lakes, United States and Canadian shorelines.