Center for Water
and the Environment
Richard Axler, Ph.D., Senior Research Associate
Position and Focus
Research interests are lake and water quality management and restoration, aquatic ecosystem responses to pollutants, nutrient cycling and food web dynamics, web-based environmental education and constructed treatment wetlands.
Ph.D., Ecology/Limnology, University of California, Davis, 1979
B.A., Physics, Temple University, Philadelphia, PA, 1970
Eckman, K, Were, V, Brady, V, Schomberg, J Axler, R & Kleist, C. 2013. Using social science data to evaluate residential stormwater treatments in Duluth Minnesota. Water Resources Impact 15:13--16.
Olker, J H, Johnson, L B Axler, R P & Johnson, C M. 2013. Factors influencing ultraviolet radiation dose to developing frogs in northern vernal pools. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 70:1531--1541.
Glass, J B, Axler, R P Chandra, S & Goldman, C R. 2012. Molybdenum limitation of microbial nitrogen assimilation in aquatic ecosystems and pure cultures. Frontiers in Aquatic Microbiology 3:1--10.
Niemi, G J, Reavie, E D, Peterson, G S, Kelly, J R, Johnston, C A, Johnson, L B, Howe, R W, Host, G E, Hollenhorst, T P, Danz, N P, Ciborowski, J J H, Brown, T N Brady, V J & Axler, R P. 2011. An integrated approach to assessing multiple stressors for coastal Lake Superior. Aquatic Ecosystem Health and Management 14:356--375.
Ruzycki, E M, Axler, R P, Henneck, J Will, N R & Host, G E. 2011. Estimating mercury concentrations and loads from four western Lake Superior watersheds using continuous in-stream turbidity monitoring. Aquatic Ecosystem Health and Management 14:422--432.
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Project list for Richard Axler :
(A link will go to the project's current report, an arrow will take you to a project's home page)
St. Louis River Area of Concern Paleolimnology
Great Lakes Coastal Wetland Monitoring
To assess the biotic condition of all the major coastal wetlands of the Great Lakes, United States and Canadian shorelines.
North Shore Superior Lake and Stream Water Assessment
To collect field and water chemistry data from eight Northern Lakes and Forest (NLF) Ecoregion lakes and three NLF streams during May â€“ September in 2013-14 for the purpose of determining surface water quality.
Weather, Water, and People
The project will improve regional environmental literacy, specifically regarding the condition of regional water resources, by facilitating the ability of broadcast meteorologists to work with their producers and reporters to independently explore and report on the many ways that weather interacts with the land, as mediated by individual and community actions in the watershed, to determine the condition of our water resources - trout streams, lakes and ponds, the St. Louis River Estuary, and Lake Superior. We will work with FOX21 meteorologists and news teams to train them to use the real-time data visualization tools on the www.lakesuperiorstreams.org website to see how trout streams, the St. Louis River, and Lake Superior respond to weather phenomena and landscape disturbance, provide story ideas and a basic understanding of watershed science, and link them to water professionals in the region.
Superior Regional Stormwater Protection Team and City of Duluth are collaborators on this project.
Amity Creek Restoration Project
Reduce sediment to Amity Creek by improved land cover in riparian areas disturbed by development or legacy impacts, and improved stormwater planning and management tools in two rural townships experiencing continued development pressures, and broader use of stormwater reduction and watershed protection resources available on the regional website www.lakesuperiorstreams.org.
Cwe Duluth Public Works
GLEI II - Indicator Testing and Refinement
The GLEI-II project will focus on wetland near shore conditions of the Great Lakes, and consists of five tasks: 1) Refine coastal ecosystem indicators from previous monitoring programs through calibration against updated landscape/land use information within the entire Great Lakes basin, 2) test the temporal and geographic integrity of existing Great Lakes indicators, 3) test and compare analytical techniques to cross-calibrate indicators from concurrent monitoring programs, 4) evaluate cost-effectiveness of indicators,5) implement a data collection, analysis, and reporting system, as well as a map of baseline conditions for the Great Lakes basin based on historical and current monitoring information.
Event-based Stream Sampling in Northeastern Minnesota
Determine pollutant concentrations and annual loads of nutrients and suspended sediments by intensively sampling streams during different hydrologic regimes (base flow, storm events, spring runoff).